Maintaining transparency among team members and stakeholders is extremely important nowadays. From updating them about the process to delivering various documents and reports related to a particular project, everything needs to be communicated clearly in order to help them understand the project and its process.
Similarly, during the process of software development, developers and testers generate various documents, plans, reports, among other things, that are delivered and shared with the team and other stakeholders after the commencement of the whole project. These deliverables, which are shared by the software engineers with their team and client are known as artifacts and are an integral part of the whole life cycle.
An integral part of software testing, test artifacts are the various by-products generated during the process of software testing, which are then shared with the clients, team managers, team lead, and other team members and stakeholders associated with the project. The main purpose of these artifacts is to establish transparency among the team members and therefore are recorded properly with accurate information and details.
These artifacts help testers know the requirements of the clients and the stakeholders as well as allows them to ensure that there is no miscommunication between them.
Moreover, with the assistance of these test artifacts it becomes easy for the concerned people to track the changes in the software as well as be aware of the latest progress of the testing activities as everything is recorded properly in the form of defect report, test closure report, etc.
Produced by the people involved in the process of testing and delivered & shared with stakeholders of the project, test artifacts are provided before, during, and after the testing phases. These are extremely important for explaining the process of testing and for effective communication between the team members. Therefore, here is a list of some of the test artifacts/deliverables produced during the process of testing.
It is highly dependent on the processes, standards, and test managements tools being implemented during the process of testing. Moreover, the test plan is a more systematic approach of testing a software, as it identifies the features to be tested, the tasks performed during the process, the degree of test independence, the test design techniques, and entry and exit criteria to be used.
Test cases are mainly designed to verify compliance against specific requirements and tests the correct behavior, functionality, and features of the software. It acts as the starting point of the test execution and usually consists of the following components:
Test cases that are designed poorly might not be able to test all test scenarios, which can hamper the quality of testing as well as the software. Moreover, these are either developed manually or with the assistance of automated tools.
The purpose this "traceability matrix" is to verify that all the requirements are defined for a system and are tested in the test protocol. In short, it is used to track the stated requirement and to define the relationship between these requirements and test cases.
The purpose of this report is to define the defects in such a manner that they can be easily replicated and fixed by the developers. It is with the assistance of this report that the developers are made aware of the defects in the system, which are then rectified to improve the quality of the software.
Created by the team lead, this report summarizes the whole testing process once the "exit criteria" is successfully achieved.
From the above discussion, we can say that test artifacts are important documents that are delivered to the client and other stakeholders of the project to define the process of testing as well as to help them understand the whole testing activity. With the assistance of these document testers and developers are able to build a software that is free of any defects and that offers great quality and performance.