In Software Testing there are numerous components and documents that help testers in executing the process of testing. From creating a particular plan to resolving issues and retesting the software, the importance of these documents is immense and without them the team can encounter various issues and challenges which can impact the performance and functionality of the software under development. Test case and test plan are two important documents that play a significant role in defining as well as managing the procedure of testing and offering the team vital information regarding the testing of the software.
Hence, to define their relevance in software testing life cycle, here is a comparison of Test Case and Test Plan.
During the process of software testing, test case defines the preconditions for test execution and offers an insight into the various specification and requirements that are stated before the commencement of the testing. An integral part of the process, this document is used to define various important components of the software testing such as, testing inputs, execution conditions, testing procedures, and the expected results. The main purpose of this document is to help testers meet the objective of testing as well as the requirements stated before the commencement of the process.
In software testing the relevance and importance of test case is monumental. It is a vital document prepared during the early stages of software testing that specifies the inputs, execution conditions, testing procedures, etc, of a testing process. With the assistance of this document, the team can offer an insight into the testing process to other members of the team as well as the client and the concerned stakeholders. Test case allows them to establish transparency among members and improves communication within the team. Other reasons that make test case an integral part of software testing are:
A test case document offers miscellaneous information about the software testing process. From the basic requirements to the testing procedure, everything is covered in this document, which offers the team an opportunity to communicate major details about the process with other members of the team as well as the stakeholders. Other details included in this document are:
As one of the most significant document prepared during the software testing life cycle (STLC), the document for test case needs to be designed with great care and accuracy. The details or information included in it should be described in a manner that is understandable and precise. Hence, following are some factors that need consideration while preparing the test case document.
Preparing a detailed plan is always helpful and advised by people all around the world. It simplifies the process and helps keep a track of the activities that are performed based on it. Similarly, test plan is a document prepared during the early stages of software testing life cycle (STLC), based on which the process of testing is executed. This document describes the scope and objective of testing along with the steps taken to achieve it. In short, test plan can be termed as the blueprint for software testing, wherein the numerous testing techniques, methodologies, tools, approaches, testing activities, etc. are defined.
Derived from the Software Requirements Specification document which is prepared by the team lead or manager, the test plan includes a detailed description of all the steps taken to meet the stated requirements of the client.
Test plan document is the most important and the first document published by the team before the process of testing is initiated. It defines the strategy and philosophy behind testing and is mainly created to simplify communication among team members and to monitor various activities performed during the process. Test plan document can be categorized into three types, which consist different levels of information and details and cater to different types of testing performed by the software testers. These types of test plans are:
Whether you are preparing for your exam or shifting to a new city, plans are always there to help us out in difficult situations and processes. Likewise, in software testing also test plan help testers in numerous ways, which make it a vital part of the whole process. Therefore, following are some reasons that increase the importance of test plans.
Test plan document covers a vast section of the testing process and offers great insight into it. From defining the main scope & objective of testing to offering a comparison between the expected and actual output, the test plan ensure proper coverage of the whole process. Therefore, to signify it relevance here is a list of all the elements covered by the test plan document:
To ensure proper results and to simplify the process of creating the test plan document, it is vital for the team to consider some important points, which can help the report and document necessary information accurately. These steps are:
In software testing the importance of both test case and test plan is immense and without these two, the process of testing cannot be initiated as well as completed accurately. Serving two significant roles, these two documents are useful in defining the process of testing to various members of the team as well as the client and the stakeholders. Moreover, they elaborate various other important components related to the project, such as the targeted market, customer requirements, required resources, etc. Therefore, if the testing team wants to remove communication barriers within the team as well as with other important members and simplify the process of testing then they should prepare these two documents- test case and test plan.